Tee Junctions Pressure Loss

Tee junctions are found in most piping systems in many engineering applications. As such, engineers need to determine the pressure losses across these junctions. Steady-state pressure loss coefficients can be calculated using experimental and analytical expressions. However, the calculation of

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Geothermal Power Plants.

Geothermal power plants utilise hot water and steam from deep underground dry steam or hot water wells which is piped upwards and used to generate electricity. Technologies used in geothermal power plants typically includes dry steam, flash steam or binary

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Relief Valve Sizing

Relief Valve Sizing – Pressure relief devices (PRD’s) are widely and effectively used to protect process equipment such as piping systems, pressure vessels, distillation columns and other equipment from pressures exceeding the design-pressure rating by more than a fixed predetermined

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Control Valve Selection

A previous blog-post discussed the importance of control valve sizing and energy optimization opportunities. This blog-post will focus more on the topic of control valve selection although, both topics shouldn’t be considered to be mutually exclusive.  When selecting a control

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Non-Newtonian Fluids

Non-Newtonian fluids are encountered in a wide and varied range of industrial processes including food, mining and minerals, pharmaceuticals, pulp and paper processing and other products in the form of pastes, slurries, concentrated solid suspensions or emulsions. Examples include coal

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Joule-Thomson Effect (J-T)

To obtain maximum accuracy in gas calculations, particularly in systems where large pressure losses occur, the Joule-Thomson effect needs to be included in the solution. The J-T effect describes the increase or decrease in temperature of a real gas (as

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District Cooling Systems

District Cooling Systems – Many countries experience hot summers which impose a need for air conditioning in order to achieve and maintain a comfortable indoor environment. Air conditioning has traditionally been provided to buildings by electrically powered air conditioning units

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Control Valve Sizing

Control Valve Sizing. The successful operation of process plant and systems involves the highest level of measurement and control performance. Control valves therefore perform a key function in this process. The performance of control valves can have a dramatic effect on
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